Original Article

A Perfusion Index-Based Evaluation and Comparison of Peripheral Perfusion in Sevoflurane and Isoflurane Anaesthesia: A Prospective Randomised Controlled Trial


  • Neeraja Ajayan
  • Jayakumar Christudas
  • Linette Morris
  • Oommen Mathew
  • Ajay Prasad Hrishi

Received Date: 22.12.2021 Accepted Date: 29.08.2022 Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim 2023;51(2):97-104


Perfusion index has shown to be helpful in the operative and critical care settings to monitor peripheral tissue perfusion. Randomised controlled trials quantifying different agents’ vasodilatory properties using perfusion index has been limited. Therefore, we undertook this study to compare the vasodilatory effects of isoflurane and sevoflurane using perfusion index.


This is a pre-specified sub-analysis of a prospective randomised controlled trial on the effects of inhalational agents at equipotent concentration. We randomly allocated patients scheduled for lumbar spine surgery to either isoflurane or sevoflurane groups. We recorded values of perfusion index at age-corrected 1 Minimum Alveolar Concentration (MAC) concentration at baseline, pre- and post-application of a noxious stimulus. The primary outcome of interest was the measure of vasomotor tone with perfusion index, and the secondary outcomes which were analysed were mean arterial pressure and heart rate.


At age-corrected 1.0 MAC, there was no significant difference in the pre-stimulus haemodynamic variables and perfusion index between both groups. During the post-stimulus period, there was a significant increase in heart rate in the isoflurane group compared to the sevoflurane group, with no significant difference in the mean arterial pressure values between both groups. Though the perfusion index decreased during the post-stimulus period in both groups, there was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups (P = .526, repeated-measures analysis of variance).


In a steady state of age-corrected 1.0 MAC, isoflurane and sevoflurane had a similar perfusion index before and after a standardised nociceptive stimulus, which suggests that both of these agents have similar effect on peripheral perfusion and vasomotor tone.

Keywords: Isoflurane, perfusion index, peripheral perfusion, sevoflurane, vasomotor tone