Instructions to Authors


The Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation is a peer-reviewed English journal aiming to publish original research, current review articles, case reports and letters related to anaesthesiology, intensive care, and pain therapy. The journal is currently published bimonthly as an online publication. The articles will become freely available to all readers in pdf format as soon as they have been accepted after peer review. Accepted articles will immediately appear as a part of the issue belonging to that publication period. The journal uses Manuscript Manager online manuscript submission, review and tracking system .

Editorial Policies and Review Process

The editorial and publication process of the The Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation are shaped in accordance with the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)World Association of Medical Editors (WAME)Council of Science Editors (CSE)Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)European Association of Science Editors (EASE), and National Information Standards Organization (NISO). The journal is in conformity with the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

Publication Policy

The Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation considers for publication papers in the following categories:

- Original researches,

- Images in Clinical Practices,

- Case reports,

- Reviews,

- Letters to the Editor

The journal gives high priority to original studies in publication because of aims to add the findings of searches in Turkey to international scientific knowledge, to share them within the international science milieu and to constitute the introduction of Turkish scientists. The review articles to be published in the journal are authorized by the editor to the relevant authors working on the subject.

General Principles

Papers that have not been published before or under evaluation by other publications are accepted for evaluation by the journal, if approved by each of the authors. The publication board may amend manuscripts upon informed consent of authors. Editors and redactors are fully empowered to correct mistakes related to orthography, citation as given in National Library of Medicine MEDLINE/PubMed Resources.

For quoted texts, tabulated data and graphics from published papers, the author has to obtain permission from the author(s) or the owner of the publishing rights of the source article and indicate the allowance in the paper. Author(s) is responsible for obtaining such permissions.

Short presentations that took place in scientific meetings can be referred to if announced in the article. The editor hands over the formally acceptable papers to at least two national/international referees for evaluation and gives the green light for publication upon modification by the authors in accordance with the referees' claims. Changing the name of an author (omission, addition or order) in papers submitted to the journal requires thepermission of all declared authors. Refused papers and graphics are not returned to the author.

Author Rights

Authors who transfer the copyright of their article to the journal retain the right to reuse and distribute their work, in part or in whole, in any other format or medium for any lawful purpose, including commercial use, provided that appropriate credit is given to the original publication and the Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license is clearly stated and in accordance with the journal's open access policy. When the article is to be re-used by the author as a book chapter or in a collection or compilation or expanded into a book for commercial purposes, permission is required to be sought from the journal, which reserves its right to levy or waive a fee for such re-use, and appropriate attribution is required to be given to the original publication in the journal explicitly.

Author Responsibilities

It is authors’ responsibility to ensure that the article is in accordance with scientific and ethical standards and rules. And authors should ensure that the submitted work is original. They must certify that the manuscript has not previously been published elsewhere or is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere in any language. Applicable copyright laws and conventions should be followed. Copyright material (e.g. tables, figures or extensive quotations) should be reproduced only with appropriate permission and acknowledgement. Any work or words of other authors, contributors, or sources should be appropriately credited and referenced. The author(s) must have contributed to the submitted manuscript and must declare that they were involved in substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; final approval of the version to be published; and agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. Those who do not meet all the above criteria should be named in the acknowledgements. Fundraising, data collection or supervision of the research group are not sufficient roles to be accepted as an author. The order of names in the author list of an article should be a co-decision, and it should be indicated in the Copyright Transfer Form. The individuals who do not meet the authorship criteria but contributed to the study should take place in the acknowledgement section. Individuals providing technical support, assisting writing, providing general support, providing material or financial support are examples to be indicated in the acknowledgement section. Written informed consent should be taken from the persons whose participation are indicated in the acknowledgement section.

All authors must disclose all issues concerning financial relationships, conflict of interest, and competing interests that may potentially influence the results of the research or scientific judgment. All financial contributions, supports or sponsorship of projects must be clearly explained.

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published paper, it is the author's obligation to promptly cooperate with the Editor-in-Chief to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes. The Author Contribution Form, indicating the authors’ contribution to the manuscript and the ICJME Form for Potential Conflicts of Interest should be sent together with the manuscript. Please read ICMJE recommendations on roles and responsibilities of authors.

The author is responsible for the proofreading service of the articles submitted to the Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation (TJAR). Please indicate that you have received language support when uploading your article to the system. Upload the certificate indicating that you have received language support along with your other documents.

Responsibility for the Editors, Reviewers and Review Process

Editors evaluate manuscripts for their scientific content without regard to ethnic origin, gender, sexual orientation, citizenship, religious belief or political philosophy of the authors. They provide a fair double-blind peer-review of the submitted articles for publication. They ensure that all the information related to submitted manuscripts is kept as confidential before publishing.

Editors are responsible for the contents and overall quality of the publication. They should publish errata pages or make corrections when needed. Editor-in-Chief does not allow any conflicts of interest between the authors, editors and reviewers. Only she/he has the full authority to assign a reviewer and is responsible for the final decision for the publication of the manuscripts in The Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation.

Please review the COPE publication ethics guidelines by clicking here.

Reviewers evaluate manuscripts based on content without regard to ethnic origin, gender, sexual orientation, citizenship, religious belief or political philosophy of the authors. They should have no conflict of interest with respect to the research, the authors and/or the research funders. Their judgments should be objective.

Reviewers should identify the relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. They must ensure that all the information related to submitted manuscripts is kept as confidential and must report to the Editor-in-Chief if they are aware of copyright infringement and plagiarism on the author's side.

A reviewer who feels unqualified to review the topic of a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the Editor-in-Chief and excuse hersefl/himself from the review process.

The editor informs the reviewers that the manuscripts are confidential information and that this is a privileged interaction. The reviewers and editorial board cannot discuss the manuscripts with other persons. The reviewers are not allowed to have copies of the manuscripts for personal use and they cannot share manuscripts with others. Unless the authors and editor permit, the reviews of referees cannot be published or disclosed. The anonymity of the referees is important. In particular situations, the editor may share the review of one reviewer with other reviewers to clarify a particular point. Please review the COPE publication ethics guidelines by clicking here.

Standards and Principles

The Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation is committed to upholding the highest standards of publication ethics and observes the following guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)World Association of Medical Editors (WAME)Council of Science Editors (CSE)Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)European Association of Science Editors (EASE), and National Information Standards Organization (NISO). The journal is in conformity with the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

All submissions must be original, unpublished (including as full text in conference proceedings), and not under the review of any other publication synchronously. Each manuscript is reviewed by one of the editors and at least two referees under double-blind peer review process. We reserve the right to use plagiarism detecting software to screen submitted papers at all times. We check for plagiary and fraudulent data, falsification (fabrication or manipulation of research data, tables, or images) and improper use of humans or animals in research. All manuscripts not in accordance with these standards will be removed from the publication. This also contains any possible malpractice discovered after the publication. In accordance with the code of conduct we will report any cases of suspected plagiarism or duplicate publishing.

We follow the COPE Ethics Flowcharts for dealing with cases of possible scientific misconduct and breach of publication ethics.

Human and Animal Rights, Informed Consent, Conflict of Interest

The Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation adopts highest ethical and scientific standards and ensures that it is free of influences regarding commercial interests. It is authors’ responsibility that the articles are in accordance with ethical codes of conduct. The Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation takes as principle to comply with the ethical standards of Helsinki Declaration of Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects as revised in 2013.

For this reason, regarding the subjects of clinical experiments, it should be indicated in the submitted manuscripts definitely that the above mentioned codes of conduct were applied. Besides approvals, from national or local ethical committees should be sent together with the papers as well. Manuscripts that report the results of experimental investigation with human subjects must include a statement that informed consent was obtained after the procedure(s) had been fully explained. In the case of children and those under wardship or with confirmed insanity, authors are asked to include information about whether the legal custodian's assent was obtained. And a letter of affirmation signed by all authors, confirming the collection of informed consents has to be sent to the journal.

Identifying information such as names, initials, hospital numbers, dates, photographs, and family pedigree must be avoided, unless disclosure is allowed by written consent of patient or the legal custodian of the patient. Informed consent for this purpose requires that an identifiable patient be shown in the manuscript to be published. Patient consent should be written and archived either with the journal, the authors, or both, as dictated by local regulations or laws. It must be mentioned in the text that informed consent was obtained from the participants. Especially for case report, identifying information should be avoided as much as possible. Eye masking on photos is not sufficient to conceal the identity of the patient. Authors have to stipulate lack of impact on scientific significance in case of changing the identifying information. Written informed consent should be taken from the patients presented in case studies; and it should be indicated in the manuscript.

Authors have to confirm in the section "Materials and Methods" that study has been conducted in compliance to above mentioned principles, approvals have been obtained from related institutional ethical committees and informed consents were collected.

When reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate whether the institutional and national guides for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed as in "Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals" and approval from ethical committee should be taken. The editor and the publisher do not guarantee or accept responsibility for the published features or definitions of commercial products. If there is direct or indirect grant support, it should be acknowledged in the section titled "declaration of interest" and should include the full name of the sponsor and grant number. Existence or lack of sponsorship of any kind as well as the type of sponsorship (consulting etc.) has to be acknowledged, as well.

Adopts WAME's definition which states that conflict of interest exists when author, peer reviewer or editor has a competing interest that could unduly influence (or be reasonably seen to do so) his or her responsibilities in the publication process. The types of competing interests that should be declared include financial ties, academic commitments, personal relationships, political or religious beliefs, institutional affiliations. The conflict of interest is to be acknowledged in the manuscript.

All manuscripts submitted to the journal for publication are checked by Crossref Similarity Check powered by “iThenticate” software for plagiarism. If plagiarism is detected, relevant institutions may be notified. In this case, the authors might be asked to disclose their raw data to relevant institutions.


The language of The Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation is British English.

Preparation of the Manuscript

After the 'acceptance' decision, authors must pay the article processing charge through the relevant payment page. The payment link is below:

The certified English language edited version of your article should be uploaded to the system along with the certificate.

To learn more about the Article Process, you can review the information page (Click here).

Title page: A separate title page should be submitted with all submissions and this page should include:
- The full title of the manuscript as well as a short title (running head) of no more than 50 characters,
- Name(s), affiliations, and highest academic degree(s) of the author(s),
- Grant information and detailed information on the other sources of support,
- Name, address, telephone (including the mobile phone number) and fax numbers, and email address of the corresponding author,
- Acknowledgment of the individuals who contributed to the preparation of the manuscript but who do not fulfill the authorship criteria.

Abstract: An abstract should be submitted with all submissions except for Letters to the Editor. The abstract of Original Articles should be structured with subheadings (Objective, Methods, Results, and Conclusion). Please check Table 1 below for word count specifications.

Keywords: Each submission must be accompanied by a minimum of three to a maximum of six keywords for subject indexing at the end of the abstract. The keywords should be listed in full without abbreviations. The keywords should be selected from the National Library of Medicine, Medical Subject Headings database (

Main Points: All submissions except letters to the editor should be accompanied by 3 to 5 “main points” which should emphasize the most noteworthy results of the study and underline the principle message that is addressed to the reader. This section should be structured as itemized to give a general overview of the article. Since “Main Points” targeting the experts and specialists of the field, each item should be written as plain and straightforward as possible.

Manuscript Types
Original Articles: This is the most important type of article since it provides new information based on original research. The main text of original articles should be structured with Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusion subheadings. Please check Table 1 for the limitations for Original Articles.

Statistical analysis to support conclusions is usually necessary. Statistical analyses must be conducted in accordance with international statistical reporting standards (Altman DG, Gore SM, Gardner MJ, Pocock SJ. Statistical guidelines for contributors to medical journals. Br Med J 1983: 7; 1489-93). Information on statistical analyses should be provided with a separate subheading under the Materials and Methods section and the statistical software that was used during the process must be specified.
Units should be prepared in accordance with the International System of Units (SI); also, (.), (/), or (·) should be avoided when writing out units (e.g., write mg kg-1, µg kg-1, mL, mL kg-1, mL kg-1 sa-1, mL kg-1 dk-1, L dk-1 m-2, mmHg, etc.)

Editorial Comments: Editorial comments aim to provide a brief critical commentary by reviewers with expertise or with high reputation in the topic of the research article published in the journal. Authors are selected and invited by the journal to provide such comments. Abstract, Keywords, and Tables, Figures, Images, and other media are not included.

Review Articles: Reviews prepared by authors who have extensive knowledge on a particular field and whose scientific background has been translated into a high volume of publications with a high citation potential are welcomed. These authors may even be invited by the journal. Reviews should describe, discuss, and evaluate the current level of knowledge of a topic in clinical practice and should guide future studies. The main text should contain Introduction, Clinical and Research Consequences, and Conclusion sections. Please check Table 1 for the limitations for Review Articles.

Case Reports: There is limited space for case reports in the journal and reports on rare cases or conditions that constitute challenges in diagnosis and treatment, those offering new therapies or revealing knowledge not included in the literature, and interesting and educative case reports are accepted for publication. The text should include Introduction, Case Presentation, Discussion, and Conclusion subheadings. Please check Table 1 for the limitations for Case Reports.

Letters to the Editor: This type of manuscript discusses important parts, overlooked aspects, or lacking parts of a previously published article. Articles on subjects within the scope of the journal that might attract the readers’ attention, particularly educative cases, may also be submitted in the form of a “Letter to the Editor.” Readers can also present their comments on the published manuscripts in the form of a “Letter to the Editor.” Abstract, Keywords, and Tables, Figures, Images, and other media should not be included. The text should be unstructured. The manuscript that is being commented on must be properly cited within this manuscript.

Images in Clinical Practices: The journal accepts original high quality images related to cases that it has come across in clinical practices, that cite the importance or infrequency of the topic, that make the visual quality stand out, and that present important information that should be shared in academic platforms. Titles of the images should not exceed 10 words. Images may be signed by no more than three authors. Figure legends are limited to 200 words. The number of figures are limited to three. Video submissions will not be considered.
Table 1: Limitations for each manuscript type.

Study Protocols: The Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation welcomes study protocols to improve the transparency of research and inform the scholarly community about the trials that are underway. Publication decision of study protocols will be upon editorial decision. Study protocols for pilot or feasibility studies are not generally taken into consideration.

Study protocol articles should follow SPIRIT guidelines, providing a detailed account of the hypothesis, rationale, and methodology of the study. All study protocols must provide an Ethics Committee Approval. All protocols for clinical trials requires trial registration number and the date of registration.

Tables should be included in the main document, presented after the reference list, and they should be numbered consecutively in the order they are referred to within the main text. A descriptive title must be placed above the tables. Abbreviations used in the tables should be defined below the tables by footnotes (even if they are defined within the main text). Tables should be created using the “insert table” command of the word processing software and they should be arranged clearly to provide easy reading. Data presented in the tables should not be a repetition of the data presented within the main text but should be supporting the main text.

Figures and Figure Legends
Figures, graphics, and photographs should be submitted as separate files (in TIFF or JPEG format) through the submission system. The files should not be embedded in a Word document or the main document. When there are figure subunits, the subunits should not be merged to form a single image. Each subunit should be submitted separately through the submission system. Images should not be labeled (a, b, c, etc.) to indicate figure subunits. Thick and thin arrows, arrowheads, stars, asterisks, and similar marks can be used on the images to support figure legends. Like the rest of the submission, the figures too should be blind. Any information within the images that may indicate an individual or institution should be blinded. The minimum resolution of each submitted figure should be 300 DPI. To prevent delays in the evaluation process, all submitted figures should be clear in resolution and large in size (minimum dimensions: 100 × 100 mm). Figure legends should be listed at the end of the main document.

All acronyms and abbreviations used in the manuscript should be defined at first use, both in the abstract and in the main text. The abbreviation should be provided in parentheses following the definition.

When a drug, product, hardware, or software program is mentioned within the main text, product information, including the name of the product, the producer of the product, and city and the country of the company (including the state if in USA), should be provided in parentheses in the following format: “Discovery St PET/CT scanner (General Electric, Milwaukee, WI, USA)”

All references, tables, and figures should be referred to within the main text, and they should be numbered consecutively in the order they are referred to within the main text.
Limitations, drawbacks, and the shortcomings of original articles should be mentioned in the Discussion section before the conclusion paragraph.

Both in-text citations and the references must be prepared according to the AMA Manual of Style 11th Edition. While citing publications, preference should be given to the latest, most up-to-date publications. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of references If an ahead-of-print publication is cited, the DOI number should be provided. Journal titles should be abbreviated in accordance with the journal abbreviations in Index Medicus/MEDLINE/PubMed. When there are six or fewer authors, all authors should be listed. If there are seven or more authors, the first three authors should be listed followed by “et al.” In the main text of the manuscript, references should be cited in superscript after punctuation. The reference styles for different types of publications are presented in the following examples.

Journal Article: Blasco V, Colavolpe JC, Antonini F, et al. Long-term outcome in kidney recipients from donors treated with hydroxyethylstarch 130/0.4 and hydroxyethylstarch 200/0.6. Br J Anaesth. 2015;115(5):797-798.

Book Section: Fikremariam D, Serafini M. Multidisciplinary approach to pain management. In: Vadivelu N, Urman RD, Hines RL, eds. Essentials of Pain Management. New York, NY: Springer New York; 2011:17-28.

Books with a Single Author: Patterson JW. Weedon’s Skin Pathology. 4th ed. Churchill Livingstone; 2016.

Editor(s) as Author: Etzel RA, Balk SJ, eds. Pediatric Environmental Health. American Academy of Pediatrics; 2011.

Conference Proceedings: Morales M, Zhou X. Health practices of immigrant women: indigenous knowledge in an urban environment. Paper presented at: 78th Association for Information Science and Technology Annual Meeting; November 6-10; 2015; St Louis, MO. Accessed March 15, 2016.

Thesis: Maiti N. Association Between Behaviors, Health Characteristics and Injuries Among Adolescents in the United States. Dissertation. Palo Alto University; 2010.

Online Journal Articles: Tamburini S, Shen N, Chih Wu H, Clemente KC. The microbiome in early life: implications for health outcompetes. Nat Med. Published online July 7, 2016. doi:10.1038/nm4142

Websites: International Society for Infectious Diseases. ProMed-mail. Accessed February 10, 2016.
Epub Ahead of Print Articles: Cai L, Yeh BM, Westphalen AC, Roberts JP, Wang ZJ. Adult living donor liver imaging. Diagn Interv Radiol. 2016 Feb 24. doi: 10.5152/dir.2016.15323. [Epub ahead of print].

When submitting a revised version of a paper, the author must submit a detailed “Response to the reviewers” that states point by point how each issue raised by the reviewers has been covered and where it can be found (each reviewer's comment, followed by the author’s reply and line numbers where the changes have been made) as well as an annotated copy of the main document. Revised manuscripts must be submitted within 30 days from the date of the decision letter. If the revised version of the manuscript is not submitted within the allocated time, the revision option may be canceled. If the submitting author(s) believe that additional time is required, they should request this extension before the initial 30-day period is over.

Accepted manuscripts are copy-edited for grammar, punctuation, and format by professional language editors. Once the publication process of a manuscript is completed, it is included in its scheduled issue. A PDF proof of the accepted manuscript is sent to the corresponding author and their publication approval is requested within 2 days of their receipt of the proof.

Permission requests for the reproduction of published content and reprint orders should be directed to the Editorial Office.

Permissions & Advertisement

Publisher: Galenos Publishing House
Adress: Molla Gürani Mah. Kaçamak Sok. 21/1 Fındıkzade, Fatih, Istanbul/Turkey
Telephone: +90 212 621 99 25
Fax: +90 212 621 99 27
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E-mail: [email protected]