Case Report

Anaesthesia Management of a Patient with Incidentally Diagnosed Diaphragmatic Hernia During Laparoscopic Surgery


  • Mehtap Özdemir
  • Pınar Yonca Yanlı
  • Şenay Göksu Tomruk
  • Nurten Bakan

Received Date: 23.12.2013 Accepted Date: 01.04.2014 Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim 2015;43(1):50-54

Diaphragmatic hernia is usually congenital. However, it is rarely traumatic and can stay asymptomatic. In this report, we aimed to present the anaesthetic management of a patient with diaphragmatic hernia due to previous trauma (14 years ago), which was diagnosed incidentally during surgery for rectal cancer. The patient (53 years, 56 kg, 165 cm, American Society of Anaesthesiologist (ASA) II), to whom laparoscopic surgery was planned because of rectal cancer, had a history of falling from a height 14 years ago. Preoperatively, the patient did not have any sign except small right diaphragmatic elevation on the chest x-ray. After induction, maintenance of anaesthesia was continued with sevoflurane and O2 / N2 O. The patient was given a 30° Trendelenburg position. When the trochars were inserted by the surgeon, the diaphragmatic hernia was seen on the right part of the diaphragm, which was hidden by the liver. The surgery was continued laparoscopically but with low pressure (12 mmHg), because the patient did not have any haemodynamic and respiratory instability. The patient, who had stable haemodynamic parameters and no respiratory complications during the operation, was transferred to the ward for monitorised care. Traumatic diaphragmatic hernias can be detected incidentally after a long period of acute event. In our case, it was diagnosed during laparoscopic surgery. The surgery was completed with appropriate and careful haemodynamic monitoring and low intra-abdominal pressure under inhalational anaesthesia without any impairment in the patient’s haemodynamic and respiratory parameters.

Keywords: Traumatic diaphragmatic hernia, anaesthesia, general, oxygen, nitrous oxide