Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology & Reanimation
ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Comparison of the Effects of Epidural Levobupivacaine with Tramadol or Morphine Addition on Postoperative Analgesia following Major Abdominal Surgery

1.

Erdemli Devlet Hastanesi, Mersin, Türkiye

2.

Çukurova Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Anesteziyoloji ve Reanimasyon Anabilim Dalı, Adana, Türkiye

Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim 2019; 47: 287-294
DOI: 10.5152/TJAR.2019.00936
Read: 479 Downloads: 212 Published: 17 September 2019

Objective: The study was designed to compare the postoperative analgesic efficacy of epidural tramadol or epidural morphine as adjuvant to levobupivacaine in major abdominal surgery.

Methods: Patients in ASA I-II group aged between 18 and 65 years were included in study. Epidural catheter was introduced. Patients were randomised into three groups to receive levobupivacaine (Group L), levobupivacaine+morphine (Group LM) and levobupivacaine+tramadol (Group LT). General anaesthesia was administered to all patients. The solution intended for Group L contained 25 mg 0.5% levobupivacaine+15 mL saline, that for Group LM contained 25 mg 0.5% levobupivacaine+14.5 mL salin+100 μg morphine and that for Group LT contained 25 mg 0.5% levobupivacaine+13 mL salin+100 mg tramadol, which was administered via epidural catheter as loading dose 30 min before the end of the operation. Patient-controlled analgesia device was connected to the epidural catheter for evaluating postoperative analgesia. Bolus dose was adjusted to 12 mg levobupivacaine in Group L, 12 mg levobupivacaine +1.2 mg morphine in Group LM and 12 mg levobupivacaine+12 mg tramadol in Group LT. Lock-out period was adjusted to 15 min in three groups. Quality of analgesia was evaluated using Visual Analogue Scale; administered and demand doses of levobupivacaine, morphine and tramadol were compared at 30 min, 1, 2, 6, 12 and 24 h postoperatively.

Results: Visual Analogue Scale scores were significantly higher in Group L than Groups LM and LT. Nausea and vomiting observed in Group L were lesser than those in Groups LM and LT.

Conclusion: Continuous epidural analgesia using levobupivacaine combined with morphine or tramadol is an effective method for managing postoperative analgesia in major abdominal surgery.

 

Cite this article as: Türkoğlu Z, Karacaer F, Biricik E, Ilgınel M, Ünlügenç H. Comparison of the Effects of Epidural Levobupivacaine with Tramadol or Morphine Addition on Postoperative Analgesia following Major Abdominal Surgery. Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim 2019; 47(4): 287-94.

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