Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology & Reanimation
ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Efficacy of Palonosetron and Dexamethasone for Prevention of Post-operative Nausea and Vomiting in Female Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Prospective Randomised Double-Blind Trial

1.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, Delhi, India

2.

Department of Anaesthesiology, Pain and Critical Care, AIIMS, Delhi, India

3.

Department of Onco-Anaesthesiology and Palliative Medicine, AIIMS, Delhi, India

4.

Department of Anaesthesiology, Mata Gujri Memorial Medical College and L.S.K. Hospital, Kishanganj, Bihar, India

Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim 2021; 49: 400-406
DOI: 10.5152/TJAR.2021.191
Read: 83 Downloads: 34 Published: 21 October 2021

Objective: Post-operative nausea and vomiting is a frequent complication following anaesthesia. We compared the efficacy and safety of intravenous palonosetron and intravenous dexamethasone as prophylactic antiemetic in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

Methods: After obtaining institutional ethical committee approval, 100 adult female patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomised to receive 4mg dexamethasone (group I, n ¼ 50) or 0.075 mg palonosetron (group II, n ¼ 50) intravenously (IV) over 2-5 minutes prior to induction of anaesthesia. Standard anaesthetic technique was followed, and the residual neuromuscular block was antagonised at theend of the procedure. A single  anaesthesiologist assessed all the cases for post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) for 24 hours. The complete response rate and the overall patient satisfaction were noted. If patient experienced PONV, injection metoclopramide 10 mg was given as rescue antiemetic IV.

Results: A total of six patients had vomiting within 6 hours (four patients in groups I and two patients in group II), whereas none had vomiting after 6 hours (P ¼ .39). Complete response rate was 88 and 90% in both group I and group II. Three patients in both group I and group II
required rescue antiemetics. Ninety-two percent patients were completely satisfied in group I, while 96% patients were fully satisfied in group II.

Conclusion: Intravenous administration of palonosetron (0.075 mg) is as effective as dexamethasone (4 mg) as prophylactic antiemetic without any untoward side effects for female patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

Cite this article as: Khan MA, Gupta A, Gupta N, Mitra M. Efficacy of Palonosetron and Dexamethasone for Prevention of Post-operative Nausea and Vomiting in Female Patients
Undergoing Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Prospective Randomised Double-Blind Trial. Turk J Anaesth Reanim. 2021;49(5):400-406.

Files
EISSN 2667-6370