Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology & Reanimation

Environmentally Sustainable Practices in the Operating Room: A French Nationwide Cross-Sectional Survey of Anaesthesiologists and Nurse Anaesthesiologists


Departement of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, Edouard Herriot Hospital, Lyon University Hospital, Lyon, France


Department of Anaesthesiology, Femme-Mère-Enfant Hospital, Lyon University Hospital, Bron, France

Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim 2022; 50: 424-429
DOI: 10.5152/TJAR.2022.21410
Read: 342 Downloads: 45 Published: 01 December 2022

Objective: In France, healthcare facilities account for 7% of greenhouse gas emissions and 3.5% of total waste generation. Operating rooms generate 30% of hospital waste and hence should be a primary focus of environmental sustainability initiatives. The aim of this study was to evaluate environmentally sustainable anaesthesiology practices in France in 2020 and understand the barriers to their adoption.

Methods: An anonymous survey of 28 questions was published online. The website did not record participants’ IP addresses. The survey’s link was sent by email to anaesthesiologist and anaesthesia nurse members of the French Society of Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medecine (SFAR), in February and June 2020. The survey was closed in August 2020.

Results: Of the 10 877 recipients, 1092 (10%) responded to the questionnaire. Waste sorting was organized in 69% of respondents’ workplaces (691/1007), and 90% (793/879) of respondents stated that they most often followed the instructions. Sixty-five percent (659/1007) of respondents avoided using the most polluting anaesthetic gases. Thirty-nine percent of respondents (417/1064) had already received environmental sustainability training and 73% (705/972) stated that they wanted more training. The main barriers to the adoption of recycling identified by respondents were staff training (by 70% of respondents, 691/993), budget constraints (66%, 652/993), and a lack of administrative support (60%, 602/993).

Conclusion: French anaesthesiologists and anaesthesia nurses who responded to the survey are environmentally aware and want to improve sustainable practices in the operating room. More widespread adoption could be achieved by offering training to all healthcare professionals and administrative staff and by creating local environmental focus groups to coordinate actions.

Cite this article as: Tordjman M, Pernod C, Bouvet L, Lamblin A. Environmentally sustainable practices in the operating room: a French nationwide cross-sectional survey of anaesthesiologists and nurse anaesthesiologists. Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim. 2022;50(6):424-429.

EISSN 2667-6370