Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology & Reanimation

Mental Health Impact and Burnout in Critical Care Staff During Coronavirus Disease 2019 Outbreak


Division of Psychiatry, Department of Translational Medicine, UPO, AOU Maggiore della Carità, Novara, Italy


Department of Anaesthesia and General Intensive Care, AOU Maggiore della Carità, Novara, Italy


Department of Translational Medicine, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy

Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim 2022; 50: Supplement S34-S41
DOI: 10.5152/TJAR.2022.21263
Read: 108 Downloads: 34 Published: 13 June 2022

Objective: The coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak exposed intensive care unit health care workers to a psychological burden. The aim of the study was to assess burnout, depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress symptoms in the intensive care unit staff during the pandemic period and to focus on the factors that contributed to psychological discomfort by using validated psychometric tools.

Methods: This was a monocentric study developed at the end of the first emergency crisis period (May 2020). We used a custom-designed survey using SurveyMonkey. The first part of the online survey included 27 general questions (sociodemographic information, the professional role, and possible changes assigned in job tasks and duties), the second part included validated psychometric tools: Maslach Burnout Inventory, General Health Questionnaire-12 Items, Impact of Event Scale, Beck Anxiety Inventory, and Beck Depression Inventory-II. Factors indepen- dently associated with reported symptoms of mental health disorders were identified.

Results: The response rate was 88%, with 95 respondents. Depressive and mild-moderate anxiety symptoms were reported in 20% and in 12% of health care workers, respectively, and half of the sample experienced moderate or severe post-traumatic stress symptoms. In total, 64% of health care workers reported high levels of burnout. General mental health problems were more frequently reported by women (P =.3), by those who were tested negative for the coronavirus disease 2019 buffer (P < .02), and by those who changed their family habits (P =.02) as a consequence of the pandemic. Being single or divorced (P = .04) was associated with the presence of depressive symptoms; vice versa, cohabiting with a partner or being married was associated with lower levels of depression. Anxious symptoms were reported in health care workers with no previous working experience in the intensive care unit.

Conclusions: Health care workers experience high levels of psychological burden during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. Knowing the risk factors can aid to develop strategies of observation and prevention and also strengthen the ability to be resilient to stressful situations.

Cite this article as: Gramaglia C, Bazzano S, Gambaro E, et al. Mental health impact and burnout in critical care staff during coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak. Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim. 2022;50(Suppl 1):S34-S41.

EISSN 2667-6370