Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology & Reanimation
ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Retrospective Analysis of Eighty-Nine Caesarean Section Cases with Abnormal Placental Invasion

1.

Çukurova Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Anesteziyoloji ve Reanimasyon Anabilim Dalı, Adana, Türkiye

2.

Çukurova Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Kadın Hastalıkları ve Doğum Anabilim Dalı, Adana, Türkiye

Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim 2019; 47: 112-119
DOI: 10.5152/TJAR.2018.31799
Read: 1756 Downloads: 306 Published: 17 September 2019

Objective: Abnormal placental invasion (API) is defined as an abnormal adherence of the placenta to the underlying uterine wall. Undiagnosed API may result in catastrophic maternal haemorrhage during delivery. In the present retrospective analysis, anaesthetic and surgical records were evaluated in patients with API who had undergone caesarean delivery (CD).

Methods: Clinical records of 89 patients with API who had undergone CD were retrospectively reviewed in our clinic between April 2010 and February 2017.

Results: Amongst the patients, 87 (97.8%) had a history of previous CD and 68 (76.4%) had placenta previa. In regression analysis, weak positive correlation was found between an increase in packed red blood cell (PRBC) (r=0.420, p=0.001) and fresh frozen plasma (FFP) (r=0.476, p=0.022) transfusions and time of hospital stay. PRBC and FFP consumptions were significantly greater in intensive care unit (ICU) patients than in non-ICU patients (p<0.001). ICU requirement were significantly greater in patients who had more than average crystalloid (p=0.004) and colloid (p<0.001) infusions. Elective CD was performed in 81 (91%) patients and emergency CD in 8 (9%). PRBC transfusions were 7±4.3 U in patients undergoing emergency CD and 3.85±3 U in patients undergoing elective CD (p=0.034). The number of patients requiring care in ICU was 4 (50%), who underwent emergency CD and 12 (14%) who underwent elective CD, (p=0.032).

Conclusion: It is crucial that the anaesthesiologist should be familiar with the risk factors and diagnosis of API because of the potential risk of massive haemorrhage. Multidisciplinary approach with surgery and blood bank decreases the amount of bleeding, blood transfusion requirement, ICU and hospital stay in patients with API.

 

Cite this article as: Karacaer F, Biricik E, Ilgınel M, Tunay D, Sucu M, Ünlügenç H. Retrospective Analysis of Eighty-Nine Caesarean Section Cases with Abnormal Placental Invasion. Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim 2019; 47(2): 112-9.

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