Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology & Reanimation

The Effect of Sevoflurane and Dexmedetomidine on Pulmonary Mechanics in ICU Patients


Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Çukurova University School of Medicine, Adana, Turkey

Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim 2019; 47: 206-212
DOI: 10.5152/TJAR.2019.37108
Read: 744 Downloads: 236 Published: 17 September 2019

Objective: In intensive care unit (ICU) patients, intravenous (iv) and volatile agents are used for sedation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of dexmedetomidine and sevoflurane on pulmonary mechanics in ICU patients with pulmonary disorders.

Methods: After approval of the ethical committee and informed consent between the ages of 18-65 years were obtained, 30 patients with an American Society of Anesthesiologist status I-III, who were mechanically ventilated, who had pulmonary disorders and who needed sedation were included in the study. Exclusion criteria were severe hepatic, pulmonary and renal failures; pregnancy; convulsion and/or seizure history; haemodynamic instability and no indication for sedation. Patients were divided into two groups by randomised numbers generated by a computer. For sedation, 0.5%-1% sevoflurane (4-10 mL h−1) was used by an Anaesthetic Conserving Device in Group S (n=15), and iv dexmedetomidine infusion (1 µg−1 kg−1 10 min−1 loading and 0.2-0.7 µg−1 kg−1 h−1 maintenance) was performed in Group D (n=15). Arterial blood gas analysis, airway resistance, positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP), frequency, tidal volume (TV), peak airway pressure (Ppeak), static pulmonary compliance and end-tidal CO2  values were recorded at baseline, 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 and 24 h.

Results: Demographic data, airway resistance, PEEP, frequency, TV, Ppeak and static pulmonary compliance values were similar between the groups. PaCO2  and end-tidal CO2  values were higher in Group S than in Group D. Sedation and patient comfort scores were similar between the two groups.

Conclusion: Both sevoflurane and dexmedetomidine are suitable sedative agents in ICU patients with pulmonary diseases.


Cite this article as: Türktan M, Güleç E, Hatipoğlu Z, Ilgınel MT, Özcengiz D. The Effect of Sevoflurane and Dexmedetomidine on Pulmonary Mechanics in ICU Patients. Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim 2019; 47(3): 206-12.

EISSN 2667-6370